The energy required to change water from a liquid to a solid is 333.7 kJ/kg while the energy required to boil water is 2257 kJ/kg. The amount of energy needed to change the phase of water to a gas from a liquid is 540 times the amount of energy needed to raise the same amount of water 1° C.
How much power does it take to boil water?
The specific heat capacity is in the equation. If it takes 1 min to boil the water, it will take 1600 watt hours or 1.6 kilo watt hours.
How much energy does it take to boil 1 Litre of water?
Based on the above answers and examples, to boil 1 litre of water from 20C to 100C, requiring 0.183 kWh of either electricity or gas, at todays energy prices GAS is 68% cheaper than electricity.
How much energy does it take to boil water calculator?
The specific heat capacity of water is 4.18 J/g/°C. We wish to determine the value of Q – the quantity of heat. To do so, we would use the equation Q = m•C•ΔT. The m and the C are known; the ΔT can be determined from the initial and final temperature.
How much energy is needed to boil 100g water?
The change in temperature is (100°C – 27°C) = 73°C. Since the specific heat of water is 4.18J/g/°C we can calculate the amount of energy needed by the expression below. Energy required = 4.18 J/g/°C X 100g X 73°C = 30.514KJ.
Does it take more energy to boil a full kettle?
If however, the kettle were say only half filled, it would take approximately half the time to boil and therefore only consume half the electricity. So if you’re pulling all the stops to minimise your energy bill, only fill the kettle with as much water as you need at that moment.
How much energy does it take to boil 150g of water?
= 150 g x 4.184 J/g/K x (373 – 298) K = 47,070 J. Thus, 47,070 J are needed to increase the temperature of 150 g of water from 25 degrees C to its boiling point of 100 degrees C. One can follow a similar procedure to determine the energy needed to heat water from one temperature to another.
How much electricity does it take to boil a kettle?
It turns out that the average kettle holds around 1.5 pints and uses a single unit of electricity. That means you pay about 2.5 pence each time you boil the kettle for a hot brew.
Is it cheaper to boil a kettle or run the hot tap?
The high initial price plus installation, running and maintenance costs means that an instant hot water tap will not work out cheaper than a kettle for the majority of households. Although for households who get through large amounts of boiling water will get better value from a tap.
Is it cheaper to boil water by gas or electric?
Because gas is cheaper than electricity, it works out slightly cheaper to boil water on a gas hob than using an electric kettle, as long as you are boiling just the quantity you need and switch off the hob as soon as it has boiled.
What does Q MC t mean?
Q = mc∆T. Q = heat energy (Joules, J) m = mass of a substance (kg) c = specific heat (units J/kg∙K) ∆ is a symbol meaning “the change in”